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Covenanting was an important religious and political movement in Scotland in the 17th century. The Presbyterian Church drew up the National Covenant in 1638, refusing to accept the imposition of bishops by King Charles I. They believed that all officers of the church should be chosen by the people. This led to war when the King outlawed the Covenanters. The Church signed the Solemn League and Covenant and allied with the English opponents of the King. When the Church called for parish militias to oppose the pro-royal Duke of Montrose in 1645, Rev Guthrie appointed Captain John Paton to lead the Fenwick Militia.

On the return of the Royalists after the death of Cromwell, Paton became a fugitive, but was eventually captured in Mearns. He was taken to Edinburgh where, after being found guilty as a rebel, he was hanged in the Grassmarket in 1684. Before he died, he handed his Bible to his wife. The Bible can be seen today in Fenwick Church. There are many other Covenanting Memorials in and around the church including the “Call” to the Rev Guthrie and the banners of the Cameronian Regiment.